sábado, 26 de setembro de 2009


A generative Grammar for 2D Manufacturing of 3D objects
Much of the current research in Desing and Computation for Architecture proposes to automate the production of construction information as a means of freeing architects from the sticky and inconvenient contingencies of dealing with physical matter.

Buthayna H. Eilouti and Amer M. Al-Jokhadar

A Generative System for Mamluk Madrasa Form-Making
In this paper, a parametric shape grammar for the derivation of the floor plans of educational buildings (madrasas) in Mamluk architecture is presented. The grammar is constructed using a corpus of sixteen Mamluk madrasas that were built in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine during the Mamluk period. Based on an epistemological premise of structuralism, the morphology of Mamluk madrasas is analyzed to deduce commonalities of the formal and compositional aspects among them. The set of underlying common lexical and syntactic elements that are shared by the study cases is listed. The shape rule schemata to derive Mamluk madrasa floor plans are formulated. The sets of lexical elements and syntactic rules are systematized to form a linguistic framework. The theoretical framework for the formal language of Mamluk architecture is structured to establish a basis for a computerized model for the automatic derivation of Mamluk madrasa floor plans.

sexta-feira, 25 de setembro de 2009

Belinda Torus

Generative Design in Architecture and Mass-Customization
In this study, the generative design in housing is characterized through the utilization of shape grammars. The functions and the relations within a chosen housing typology are described and different types are produced through the defined relations. Three main constraints are the number of inhabitants (room numbers and sizes), the number of storeys and the main module. In this case, cube is selected as the main module. Mardin is selected as a region to be focused on because of its grammatical housing morphology. Different colors are given to different functions; kitchens, living spaces, rooms, bathrooms, semi-open spaces and open spaces. Different types and variations are produced computationally, and by using this method, it is aimed to integrate the customers to the generative design process. This method is likely to emphasize variation and personalization and make a start to mass customization.

terça-feira, 22 de setembro de 2009

Meryem Birgul Colakoglu

Design by grammar : algorithmic design in an architectural context
An experimental study was performed to explore the practical applicability of the rule based design method of shape grammars. The shape grammar method is used for the analysis and synthesis of the hayat house type in a particular context. In the analysis part, the shape grammar method is used to extract basic compositional principles of the hayat house. In the synthesis part, first the evolution of a new hayat house prototype is illustrated. An algorithmic prototype transformation is considered. This transformation is achieved in two ways: by changing the values assigned to the variables that define the component objects of the form, and by replacing the vocabulary elements of the form with new ones. Then, the application of the rule based design method for housing pattern generation is explored. The design of a housing complex is illustrated using this method.

segunda-feira, 21 de setembro de 2009

Giovana de Godoi e Gabriela Celani

A study about facades from historical brazilian town using shape grammarShape grammars have been used in architecture for analysis and synthesis - in the first case, mainly for the characterization of styles and in the later for the generation of novel compositions. The present research proposes the use of shape grammars for establishing guidelines for the requalification of historical areas that have lost their original characteristics due to improper renovations. In order to develop and test the proposed method, a study will be carried out in a small Brazilian town called Monte Alegre do Sul. The town was chosen because its original urban morphology, developed in the XIXth century, is still relatively well preserved, although part of the original façades have been transformed. The objective of the research is to develop a shape grammar to set guidelines for the re-adaptation of the already renovated façades in Monte Alegre do Sul.

sexta-feira, 11 de setembro de 2009

Jeffrey V. Nickerson, Generating Networks

Cities are places where information and material are integrated. This integration takes place on top of a changing infrastructure that is sometimes designed and sometimes organic. We can think of this infrastructure as a network, or, more accurately, as a set of overlapping networks, each with different distance measures between nodes.